Refractive eye surgery
Ophthalmology in Iran
What is Ophthalmology?
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the eye. All evaluations that purport to diagnose eye disease should be carried out by a physician. An ophthalmologist is a doctor of medicine who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye, in addition to diagnosing the systemic disease that manifests in eye signs or symptoms. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.
Ophthalmology treatments in Iran cover numerous eye conditions, including cataracts, retinal diseases, glaucoma and other vision-related disorders. The most common treatments of Ophthalmology in Iran are:
- LASIK Surgery
- Refractive errors
- Ptosis correction surgery
- Pediatric Opthalmology
Other eye surgery
- Oculoplasty and Orbit
- Cornea transplant
- Pterygium removal surgery
- Eye muscle surgery
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Retinal surgery
- Cornea and refractive surgery
The Neuro-ophthalmology is a special branch of medicine that deals a large number of optic nerve disorders and neurological disorders. Many ophthalmic diseases are linked with neurologic disorders like strokes, brain tumors, and multiple sclerosis. The disorder results in many visual problems such as double vision and blurred vision. Neuro-Ophthalmology involves neurosurgery, neurology, Neuroradiology, and ophthalmology. Generally, Neuro-ophthalmology disorders require the specialized care of physicians, neuro-ophthalmologists, radiologists, neurosurgeons and specifically general neurologists.
Treatment for Retinal Diseases and Retinal Detachment
Ophthalmology treatments in Iran also deal with degenerative conditions that affect the retina, the part of the eye responsible for forming images. When the retina deteriorates or becomes detached from the back of the eye, immediate treatment is needed to halt the progression of the disorder.
Macular degeneration affects the macula, the central area of the retina. The disease occurs when the macular tissue deteriorates or when abnormal blood vessels develop in the macula. Over time, these problems cause blurred or distorted vision. While macular degeneration cannot be cured, it can be managed with low-vision aids and other medical, laser, and surgical treatments, depending on the degree of degeneration.
A macular hole is a small opening in the macula, which is located in the center of the retina. The fluid that is inside the eye may leak through the hole, causing a blurred and distorted vision.
Some macular holes heal themselves, while others require surgery to repair the hole; our surgeons will diagnose the severity of the problem and recommend the appropriate treatment by an ophthalmologist.
Ophthalmology deals with the treatment of diabetic patients who are more prone to having retinal diseases. Diabetic retinopathy is a degenerative disease that damages the retinal blood vessels, thus inhibiting the retina’s ability to transmit images. Symptoms range from mild blurred vision to total loss of vision.
Treatment for diabetic
retinopathy depends on how far the disease has progressed and can include laser treatment of the blood vessels.
When the retina becomes separated from the back of the eye because of injury, disease, or other causes, retinal detachment has occurred. Patients are experiencing the symptoms of retinal detachment – sudden flashes of light, spots in the visual field, hazy vision, or the sensation of a curtain closing over the eyes – should seek treatment immediately to prevent permanent vision loss. Treatment options, including laser surgery or insertion of devices to hold the retina in place, depend on the degree of detachment.
Glaucoma is a progressive condition that can damage the eye’s optic nerve, potentially resulting in vision loss and blindness. If left untreated, damage to the optic nerve can cause irreversible vision loss. Although glaucoma is not curable, the disease and its symptoms can be managed medically, with laser treatment, or surgically.
Selective laser trabeculoplasty uses a YAG laser to focus light energy on the internal drainage channel of the eye. SLT targets the pigmented (melanin-containing) cells in the trabecular meshwork using a very short application of light. Because SLT uses a low amount of energy, the surrounding tissue is not damaged. The treatment allows the drain to work more efficiently, successfully lowering eye pressure more than 80 percent of the time.
When medication and laser methods fail to lower intraocular pressure, filtration surgery may be the best option. This conventional glaucoma surgery improves drainage by creating a flap in the outer layers of the eye. To begin, the doctor applies either topical or local anesthesia. When the eyes are numb, the doctor surgically creates the flap.
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery is a sub-specialty of ophthalmology that deals with diseases that affect the area around the eye. Oculoplastic surgeons also specialize in cosmetic surgery of the face and eye area. They perform a wide range of oculoplastic surgical treatments and procedures, including:
- Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery to remove excess skin and fat
- Periocular rejuvenation surgery
- Reconstruction following Mohs surgery (skin cancer removal)
- Ectropion surgery (to correct an eyelid rolled out away from the eye)
- Entropion surgery (to correct an eyelid and lashes rolled in towards the eye)
- Ptosis repair (to correct a droopy upper eyelid)
- Eyelid retraction repair (to correct white showing above or below the iris)
- Eyelid trauma & tumor surgery
- Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) (tear drainage system reconstruction)
- Conjunctive-dacryocystorhinostomy (C-DCR) (tear drainage system reconstruction)
- Nasolacrimal (tear drainage system) intubation with silicone tubes
- Punctal and canalicular (tear duct) repair/reconstruction
- Orbital trauma surgery & tumor removal/biopsy
- Enucleation/Evisceration (removal of a blind eye)
- Orbital implants
- Eye socket reconstruction